Division of land resources and land use has basic responsibility to conduct researches related to sustainable use of land resource, determination of trend of changes in land resource and affecting factors on it, processing and preparing of metrology to conduct ecological and economical assessment of land resource, methods, technologies and norms to restore degraded land, evaluation and standards of land related activities.
The division has been implementing researches regarding Mongolian Land resource changes soli degradation and erosion, vegetation cover degradation and hindering its distribution, preparation of methods and technologies to restore deserted lands due to strong degradation and erosion and vegetation cover, elaboration of methodology of ecological and economical assessment of agriculture land in forest steppe, steppe and desert steppe zones.
Basic directions of research of the Division of land resource and land use;
The division has published 5 books and brochures, 20 scientific papers, produced standardized methodologies related to restoring soil and vegetation cover of degraded land and assessing land degradation, and plans to prepare a methodology for conducting ecological and economical assessments of land.
Further, we will prepare scientific basic for conducting monitoring studies to determine qualitative and quantitative changes of land resources, update the methodology for ecological and economical assessments of agriculture land, design techniques to restore soil and vegetation cover of strongly degraded and overgrazed land, introduce advanced techniques and technologies of GIS into research studies, prepare land management policy regarding land use and protection.
The main aims and objectives
The activities and fields of the study
The vision and long-term aims
Head of division: Academician Dr D.Amarsaikhan.
It was established in 1962 under a name of Sector of cartography and the first head of the sector was Doctor, Professor Bazargur.D. There come out following scientists from the Sector: doctor Tsedensodnom.Kh and doctor Erdenechimeg.B.
GIS laboratory was established by supported Ministry of Education, Academy of Science and Technology Fund in 2003. Dr. S.Shiirev-Adiya has been working as its head since that time.
Currently 14 researchers are working in this section. The following researchers;
doctor Shiirev-Adiya.S and Ph.D student Urtnasan.M, master Sainbayar.D, master Sainbuyan.B, master Narantsatsral.Ts, master Amarjargal.S, master Altantuya.D, master Amarmend.A, researcher Narangerel.B, researcher Boldbaatar.N, researcher Danzanchadav.G, researcher Davaadalai.B, researcher Baasandorj.D, researcher Tsogtjargal.B.
The fundamental goals and functions:
We aim to
We will operate specifications and alternations of Mongolian land cover in modern time. And by the way, we’ll create geographical database and compose cartographic about land cover with any other details, print many type of thematic map, atlases and training map for open it up to people interested in.
Therefore, we will process chain monitoring system which research for a location of interactions between geographic elements that one of the main part of ecosystem also we choose principally observation way continues long time.
Following of proceeding direction;
Head of division: Dr S. Shiirev-Adiya
Department of social economic geography was established with the institute of Geography and Permafrost in 1962, which was one of the first departments of the Institute of Geography and Geoecology. During this period, three science doctors graduted from this department: Gungaadash B, Shirnen G, Bazargur D and twenty eight PhDs. We currently have four senior researchers (Batbuyan B (PhD), Enkh-Amgalan S (PhD), Bazargur D (ScD), Oyungerel J (PhD)), three researchers Bayarmaa V (MSc), Amangul Sh (MSc), Khishigdorj D (MSc) and three assistant’s researchers Otgonkhuu Ts, Urantamir G and Natsagsuren B are working in this department. As to the leading Amangul Sh, she is head of this department of social economic geography.
This department’s major purpose and functions
Department of Social economic geography works with function to detect Mongolian socio-economic geographical features and differences in the development of the territory and the population distribution and time conversion, patterns of change to scientifically study social phenomenon, process integration, future development trends and the many factors contributing it, to conduct detailed research in economic sectors of the country’s population and its geographical area of social services in urban, to create various scale maps, to develop methods and develop recommendations using many years of statistical data and field research materials, modern geographic database software.
Basic research aspect of department
At the beginning, the department’s research topic was focused mainly on demographical, agricultural and industry geography and expanded to cover transport geography and service geography in Mongolia. Over the last ten years the researchers from the social-economic geography division lead by ScD Bazargur D reaction of the development of theoretical bases of axis development, urbanization, demographical changes and migration, and issues in natural resource management.
This department’s research direction
This department’s major objective
Deepening basic research of theory aimed Mongolian national program to support the sustainable development, integrated development of countryside, to make social service closer to herders, developing scientific grounds to increase dependence on nature for livestock and the number of herds in accordance with the capacity of pasturage, poverty of population, unemployment, nomad settlements, population migration, pasturage and land degradation, and natural resources is becoming the objectives Socio Economic.
The Division deals with research tasks related to a nationwide survey on forest ecosystem dynamics, evolution and detecting its ecological changes; predicting future trends to determine peculiarities of natural forest regeneration; conducting experimental work on increasing forest productivity, preventing and protecting forests from pest insects and fire disasters; improving tree breeding nursery techniques, reforestation and afforestation activities for each forest zone; and preparing a broader policy for the forestry sector.
Basic directions of research of the Division of forest resources and forest protection:
Further, we are planning to work towards establishing a long-term ecological monitoring network of forest ecosystems to study forest ecological changes and dynamics; estimate chronological developments of Mongolian forests; and prepare a scientific basis for predicting future trends, conducting ecological and economical assessments, and protecting and restoring forest resources.
Head of division: (PhD) J. Tsogtbaatar
Mission of Department of Physical Geography
The Mission of the Department is to survey the geographical patterns and the relations and interactions between components of geosphere at various levels, and explore some general issues of complex research methodology in physical geography.
Identify and determine the Mongolian physical geographical features and the patterns of landscape distribution, carry out zoning, research the natural phenomena, interrelation between processes and their conversions, changes and development dynamics through space and time, carry out mapping with various scales for weather, hydrology, geomorphology, sand distribution/movement, desertification and environmental protection, and develop scientific statements, methods and guidelines for sustainable use and protection of landscape.
The following research works/projects in the physical geographical sector of Mongolia will be continued over the next years:
The research work on “Landscape Patterns, Changes, Planning and Appropriate Zoning (based on cases of the eastern region of Mongolia)” and the “Use of Pastureland and Environmental Change over the eastern part of the Mongolian Plateau” research project in association with the Geographical School of Inner Mongolian University of Pedagogy will be continued 2014-2016 and 2015-2017, respectively.
In the scope of the research work on “Landscape Patterns, Changes, Planning and Appropriate Zoning (based on cases of the eastern region of Mongolia)”, the specialists at the Department of Physical Geography have determined and assessed the depressions and hills, weather, surface water, landscape and the existing usage of them and evolution/change, developed the urgencies for sustainable use of landscape-territory, prepared a scientific report showing the results and created thematic maps.
In the scope of the research work, the guideline for undertaking fieldworks has been developed and approved by the Director of the Institute, two fieldworks through the eastern region (throughout Khentii aimag and the northern part of Dornod aimag from 26 July 2014 for 17 days and over whole part of Sukhbaatar aimag and the southern part of Dornod aimag from 6 October 2014 for 17 days) have been conducted to gain primary source materials related to the distribution of depressions and hills, the morphogenetic features and patterns, the engineering-geomorphological conditions, the surface erosion and change, the characters and distribution of landscape, the existing usage and changes and the surface water regime and resource, and pre-created serial maps were reviewed on site in detail, as well as the detailed measurements have been undertaken to determine the distribution, biomass, species and general cover of plants at 10 points, which represent basic features of the landscape, for the purpose of comparison between the satellite data and the traditional data. In addition, 4 observation points were created to examine the dynamic changes in the modern processes (including temporary water flow, aerodynamic processes – sand movements and technogenic effects etc), which are affecting change of depressions and hills, and 0.2 xx numerical materials have been developed based on measurements conducted at these points. The primary materials collected during the fieldworks were analyzed. These materials will be used as fundamental sources when a report for research paper is prepared or zoning is established for sustainable use and protection of landscape-territory.
Head of division: Sc D, B.Oyungerel.
Soil Science Department of the Institute Geography-Geoecology, MAS is main research organization in field of soil study in Mongolia. Research work is focused in classification, mapping, erosion, pollution, chemical, water-physical properties study and soil conservation, proper use of Mongolian soils
Soil analysis, studies accordance with international standards, upgrade to laboratory equipment and improve the capacity of staff and external cooperation work. Soil laboratory analyses more than 40 kinds of soil chemical and water physical properties: organic matter, loss of ignition, total nitrogen, exchangeable calcium, magnesium, potassium, cation exchange capacity, mobile NPK, soil reaction (H2O, KCl), carbonate, gypsum, hydrolytic acid, salt content (9 ions), particle size, bulk density, particle density, moisture, porosity, aggregate, field capacity, wilting point and etc. In 2003 R.Baatar was published book “Methods of soil chemical and water-physical properties analyses”. Soil field instrument and laboratory equipment renewed by aid of technical cooperation project of International Atomic Energy Agency. We improved our equipment, such as Atomic absorption spectrometry, flame photometer and calorimetric.
Head of division: Dr O.Batkhishig
Phone: 976-99712339, 976-99141955
Division of Desertification study
It was set up under the jurisdiction of Geo-Ecology Institute, founded in 1997’s resolution of the Mongolian Government, as a name of the National center of the desertification research in accordance with the decision of the former president of the Mongolian Academy of Sciences, The Ministry of Nature.
But it has been operating until now as a decision, made by the president of the Mongolian Academy of Sciences in 2004, to make it an independent sector, named as a center of the desertification of the research in the structure of the Geo-Ecology. It was expanded becoming a research sector of the Geography and Geo-Ecology, newly set up in 2015
Our objective goal is formulating the theory and methodology to assess desertification which occurs within different eco systems in Mongolia, defining and mapping the condition of the desertification and land degradation, planning further measure and formulating scientific statement for decelerating desertification.
The standard route of the operational research sector of the land degradation and desertification.
These projects have been made in the sphere of project of Science and Technology, implemented by order of organizations, and research works of Mongolian Academy of Sciences. Also, this center has been expanding its relationship with the international organizations to cooperate against the land degradation and desertification.
For example, we gave the national report of the desertification to the central administrative organization of the Ministry of Nature after processing it in 2000, 2004, 2008 and 2011 cooperated with the secretariat of the desertification in United Nation.
This center cooperated successfully with Development Agenda, Switzerland for the projection, called ‘Decelerating of the desertification’, UN, and with a project called “Reduction and sustainable management of the desertification and land degradation” which was implemented from DDBHS.
From 2005 and 2007 Research center of the desertification accessed the first desertification of the all area in Mongolia by implementing a work, called, “Dynamic of the desertification and its tendency”.
“The condition, assessment and mapping of the desertification of the steppe area of the central Mongolia” from 2009-2015 and the basic research work called “Monitoring research of the desertification within the frame work of the model the steppe area, center Mongolia” from 2012-2015 has been implemented
Moreover, in accordance with combating to the desertification, the national program, we did the research work to formulate sub-program of the desertification in country and considering it making a plan to decelerate, and has being implemented.
we handed over the report named “Condition of the desertification in Sukhbaatar province and measure to decelerate it”, “Condition of the desertification in Tuv province and measure it how to decelerate it”.
Head of division: PhD A.Khaulenbek
Scientists of the department obtained their academic scientific doctor degrees at home country and abroad are: N. Lonjid. (in Russia, 1968), D. Luvsandagva (in Mongolia, 1975), D. Tumurbaatar (in Russia, 1990), D. Bat-Erdene (in Mongolia, 1995), T. Vanchig (in Mongolia, 2006), Ya. Jambaljav (in Mongolia, 2009), D. Battogtokh (in Taiwan, 2011) and A. Dashtseren (in Japan, 2015) have graduated foreign and local universities for science degree.
Senior scientists such as Prof. Dr. N. Lonjid, State Prize Winner, Dr. D. Luvsandagva, Dr. R. Lomborenchin, Dr. D. Tumurbaatar, N. Sharkhuu have worked in Permafrost department and, currently the department consists of totally 10 staffs including 9 research workers who Dr. Ya. Jambaljav, Dr. A. Dashtseren, Msc. A. Saruulzaya, Msc. Yo. Amarbayasgalan, Msc. Ya. Gansukh, master student Kh.Temuujin, master student G. Tsogt-Erdene, master student Ts. Undrakhtsetseg, laboratory worker Sh. Narangerel and assistant worker N. Purevsuren are working. Our division works together with the following international partners:
Dr. A. Dashtseren, the head of the permafrost division,
At the beginning of 20th century, some travels and tourist denoted permafrost existence in Mongolia. In the year 1958 seven scientists founded the department “Permafrost Group” which was renamed to “Central Permafrost Station” in 1960. From this year, the systematic research of permafrost in Mongolia have been started. Dr. N. Lonjid became the first head of the department, which included 23 team members. This department headed by Dr. N. Lonjid was merged to the Institute of Geography and Permafrost and became one of 4 affiliated departments of this Institute in 1962. Dr. N. Sharkhuu (1970 till 1979), Dr. D. Tumurbaatar (1979 till 2001), and Dr. Ya. Jambaljav (2002 till 2015) headed the department. Since April 2015 Dr. A. Dashtseren is head of the Division of Permafrost.
The main goal of the division is to study and analyse climate change impacted general and engineering permafrost features as well as glaciological changes in High Mountain Areas.
Basic Research of general permafrost features and glaciology:
Main tasks of our department are to study the effects of climate change focused on the geographic distribution, structure and development of permafrost and glaciers in Mongolia and monitor the changes in terms of thermal and moisture regime, study their impact on ecosystems and provide scientific base and information for decision makers, politicians, and public through use of public scientific languages.
Applied scientific issues of permafrost and glaciers for human impact and land use:
In a country like Mongolia with a fast growing infrastructure construction of roads, railways and houses required detailed and exact underground studies in order to provide finally guidance and recommendations based on international standards and an adapted methodology to reduce and calculate the negative impact on engineering infrastructure.
Taking this approach into account basic field studies are focused on the impact of permafrost in different forms of spatial and time-related distribution (e.g. discontinuous and continuous permafrost, seasonal frost) and modern glaciation and related lakes (e.g. as fresh water reservoirs). Permafrost, glaciers and related lakes have to be regarded as geoscientific key indicators for climate change.
Present basic research
Upon the implementation of results of the scientific fundamental researches and technological projects, over 20 books and 350 scientific papers were developed and published locally and abroad.
Additionally, we organized the 1st and 2nd International Conferences on the “Permafrost of mountainous and arid land” in Ulaanbaatar city in 2001 and 2011 respectively, with the cooperation of the International Permafrost Association and Mongolian Permafrost Association.
Currently, across the Mongolian permafrost temperature and fluctuations, regular measurements (with 4-hour interval) are conducted in every 64- boreholes and, ground temperatures are measured for about every 28-boreholes.
Furthermore, we conduct fundamental researches in the field of cryogenic phenomena, ground temperature, and micro-climate with the cooperation of foreign similar scientific institutions such as from Japan, Norway, Russia and others.
Future perspective of the division
In times of increasing data quantity and quality the Permafrost division is taking care on an increased professional level of data processing in the upcoming years. Regarding the general climate change issues we have ….
The Institute of Geography and Geoecology,
Baruun selbe - 15, 4th khoroo, Chingiltei district,
Facebook: The Institute of Geography and Geoecology
©The Institute of Geography and Geoecology. 2016.